Power Purchase Agreement India Upsc

Power Purchase Agreement India: An Overview for UPSC

In a developing country like India, the energy sector has always been a crucial component of economic growth. The government has been striving to provide electricity to everyone, and in recent years, renewable energy has gained momentum. Among many financing models for renewable energy, Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) is a significant one. If you are an aspirant of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) who is preparing for exams related to energy, this article will provide you with an overview of power purchase agreement India.

What is a Power Purchase Agreement?

A Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) is a contract between an electricity generator and a buyer, usually an electricity distributor or a large energy consumer. Under this agreement, the generator agrees to sell the electricity it produces to the buyer at a predetermined price for a specific period, usually 20 to 25 years. PPAs are commonly used in the renewable energy sector, where the generation of electricity is intermittent and subject to weather conditions.

Power Purchase Agreement in India:

In India, the electricity sector is regulated by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) and State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs). The Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) is a regulation that mandates a certain percentage of electricity generation from renewable energy sources. PPAs are commonly used for renewable energy projects like solar, wind, and hydro. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) launched a scheme called “Grid-Connected Rooftop and Small Solar Power Plants Programme” in 2013, aiming to promote the installation of solar power plants on rooftops and other small spaces. PPAs are used in this scheme to purchase electricity from these plants.

Types of Power Purchase Agreements:

There are two types of PPAs in India. These are as follows:

1. Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) PPA: Under this agreement, the electricity generator sells the electricity it generates to the buyer at a predetermined price, which is often higher than the market price for electricity. This model is commonly used to promote the development of renewable energy projects.

2. Competitive Bidding PPA: Under this agreement, the electricity generator participates in a competitive bid process. The bidder who quotes the lowest tariff per unit of electricity wins the contract and sells the electricity to the buyer at that tariff. This model is commonly used for large-scale renewable energy projects.

Advantages of Power Purchase Agreements:

PPAs provide several advantages to both the electricity generator and the buyer. Some of these are:

1. Long-term revenue certainty for the electricity generator.

2. Reduced risk for the buyer due to a fixed price for electricity.

3. Promotes the use of renewable energy sources.

4. Boosts the economy by creating jobs in the renewable energy sector.


PPAs have emerged as an effective financing model for renewable energy projects in India. Investors and developers have started adopting this model due to its advantages and the government`s policy support. As an aspirant of UPSC, you should be well-versed with the power purchase agreement India as it is a crucial component of the energy sector. Keep yourself updated with the latest developments in the energy sector and its regulations, as it will help you in UPSC exams related to energy.

Scroll to Top
slot777 slot gacor slot777 slot777 slot gacor hari ini slot gacor maxwin slot deposit pulsa slot deposit pulsa tri